Session at the 16th EASA Biennial Conference: New anthropological horizons in and beyond Europe
This panel invites its participants to develop a comparative anthropology of confinement 'beyond' the walls in order to question the underlying force relations, the processes of subjectification involved, as well as the possibility of conceiving some form of escape.
Both prison studies and camp research have highlighted the specific morphology of these spaces (borders, closures), their functions (discipline, 'reform', implementation), their common logics and consequences (identification, classification, categorisation, subjectification). This panel aims to open up a space for questioning the potential contribution of confinement theories to the intelligibility of social situations beyond the prison walls. Despite their formal distinctions, social confinement situations share a 'family resemblance' from a logical and morphological point of view, although their instantiations and institutional inscriptions may be different: penal, social, aesthetic, therapeutic. Confinement results from forces affecting individual and collective bodies. To be confined is to be kept within limits, being restricted to living within a given material, psychic, social, or political condition. This is a border experience, in the confines of the social worlds. But also, confinement often takes subtle forms in which one can be held under the control of another but take the appearance of independence. By basing our discussion on ethnographies of such power configurations, we seek to appreciate in a back and forth movement how studies of confined spaces shed light on the questioning of other border experiences and how this empirical traction leads us to re-conceptualize confinement in its multiple scales and modalities of coercion, exception, and exclusion. This panel invites its participants to develop a comparative anthropology of confinement 'beyond' the walls in order to question the underlying force relations, the processes of subjectification involved, as well as the possibility of conceiving some form of escape.
- Frédéric Le Marcis (ENS de Lyon)
- Angel Aedo (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile )